CPR is a lifesaving technique that everyone should know. It is not rocket science, but it is also not a piece of cake. It requires prior knowledge and training. Many fear or hesitate to perform CPR, but when medical emergencies occur, asking for the implementation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, you need to respond to it immediately. Survival rate can increase with effective CPR performance.
There are many common mistakes made by rescuers when performing CPR. Prioritizing mouth-to-mouth respiration over effective chest compression, interruption in CPR, not doing a proper assessment of the response, not seeking help, not maintaining straight elbows of the victim, giving a rapid amount of compression, etc., are among the common CPR performing mistakes.
The below infographics shows the five basic mistakes rescuers or bystanders make while applying CPR on the victim.
1. Forgetting to call 911
Not calling 911 is a common CPR mistake because every second counts in giving the victim the best chance of survival. In addition, the Emergency Medical Services team and Healthcare Professionals have a more proper and advanced treatment for the victim.
2. Not applying ample pressure
Failing to perform chest compressions properly can cause the life of heart attack or cardiac arrest victims. Always apply the right pressure when performing CPR, about 100-120 compressions per minute.
3. Bending the fingers
Bending your fingers while performing CPR results in ineffective blood circulation inside the victim's body. Bending the fingers produces a massaging action instead of a compression.
4. Criss-crossing the hand
The victim's body doesn't receive adequate oxygen when performing CPR by crisscrossing or double-crossing your hands. Remember that hands should be straight over the other for a maximum force of chest compression.
5. Not taking adequate safety
Most of the time, rescuers start performing CPR before checking the scene's safety. It's important to ensure the place is safe to begin CPR and know exactly what the victim needs.
All these mistakes are avoidable. But given, the situation and limited response time cause such mistakes to occur. However, a professional who is trained with the best of facilities and instructors tends to avoid such mistakes. CPR techniques and methods are etched out according to the AHA guidelines. These guidelines are enhanced as per changes in different technologies, anatomy, and current environmental conditions. Being acquainted with the guidelines will help you to perform effective CPR and ensure a positive outcome.