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Acute illness

Acute illness

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Acute illness is a medical condition that occurs suddenly and typically lasts for a short time. These illnesses are usually caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, or other infectious agents, ranging from mild to severe. Common examples of acute illnesses include the common cold, flu, bronchitis, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections.

The symptoms of an acute illness vary depending on the type of illness. Generally, these illnesses cause symptoms such as fever, sore throat, cough, congestion, body aches, fatigue, and general malaise. Some acute illnesses may also cause more serious symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, confusion, or dizziness.

Diagnosing an acute illness is usually done through a physical examination and laboratory tests. Your healthcare provider will look for signs of infection and run tests to determine which organism is causing the illness.

Treatment for acute illnesses typically includes rest, fluids, and medications such as antibiotics or antivirals. In some cases, additional treatments, such as oxygen therapy or intravenous fluids, may be needed. It is important to note that acute illnesses are typically self-limiting, meaning they will resolve independently without treatment. However, if symptoms are severe or worsen, it is important to seek medical care as soon as possible.

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References

  • Mayo Clinic. (2020). Acute illness. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acute-illness/symptoms-causes/syc-20372794 2.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Acute infectious diseases. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/basics/acute-diseases.html