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Acute illness

Acute illness

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Acute illness refers to a sudden and often severe onset of symptoms that typically last for a short period of time. Various factors, including infections, injuries, and other medical conditions, can cause acute illnesses.

Acute illnesses can range from mild to severe and may affect various body parts, such as the respiratory, digestive, or cardiovascular systems. Some common examples of acute illnesses include the flu, pneumonia, appendicitis, heart attack, and stroke.

Symptoms of acute illness can vary depending on the underlying cause but may include fever, chills, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, chest pain, shortness of breath, and dizziness. Treatment for acute illness depends on the specific condition but may include medication, rest, and in some cases, hospitalization.

Diagnosing an acute illness is usually done through a physical examination and laboratory tests. Your healthcare provider will look for signs of infection and run tests to determine which organism is causing the illness.

Treatment for acute illnesses typically includes rest, fluids, and medications such as antibiotics or antivirals. In some cases, additional treatments, such as oxygen therapy or intravenous fluids, may be needed. It is important to note that acute illnesses are typically self-limiting, meaning they will resolve independently without treatment. However, if symptoms are severe or worsen, it is important to seek medical care as soon as possible.

It is important to seek medical attention promptly if you experience symptoms of acute illness, especially if they are severe or worsening. Delaying treatment can lead to serious complications and even life-threatening conditions.

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  • Mayo Clinic. (2020). Acute illness. Retrieved from 2.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Acute infectious diseases. Retrieved from