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Blunt trauma

Blunt trauma

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Blunt trauma is a type of physical trauma that results from a non-penetrating impact, such as a fall, car accident, or physical assault. Blunt trauma can cause various injuries, from minor bruises and contusions to major organ damage and death. Blunt trauma can be caused by various objects, including fists, furniture, or even the ground. Blunt trauma does not involve a penetrating force like a knife or bullet. Healthcare professionals need to be aware of the signs and symptoms of blunt trauma, as well as the treatment options for those who have been injured.

The signs and symptoms of blunt trauma depend on the severity of the injury and the organs involved. Common signs and symptoms of blunt trauma include:

  • Bruising
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Pain
  • Numbness
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Abnormal heart rate
  • Abnormal blood pressure
  • Abnormal pupil size
  • Abnormal body temperature

More severe blunt trauma can cause internal organ damage, broken bones, or even death. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention if these signs or symptoms are present.

The diagnosis of blunt trauma is usually made through a physical examination and imaging tests such as a CT scan or MRI. During the physical examination, the healthcare provider will check for signs of trauma, bruising or swelling, and any obvious deformities. Imaging tests can help to identify any internal organ damage or fractures. Blood or urine tests may also be ordered to evaluate for internal bleeding or organ damage.

The treatment for blunt trauma depends on the severity of the injury. For minor injuries, such as bruises and contusions, the healthcare provider may recommend using ice packs and over-the-counter pain medications. More severe injuries may require hospitalization, surgery, and rehabilitation. For internal injuries, such as organ damage, the patient may require medications to reduce inflammation and pain and fluids and antibiotics to treat an infection.

The best way to prevent blunt trauma is to practice safe behaviors and use protective gear. For example, wearing seatbelts and helmets when driving or participating in sports is important. Additionally, avoiding risky behaviors, such as drinking and driving or engaging in physical fights, is important.

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References

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Blunt Trauma. Retrieved on July 5th, 2020 from https://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/pdf/blunt_trauma-a.pdf
  • Mayo Clinic. (2020). Blunt Trauma. Retrieved on July 5th, 2020 from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/blunt-trauma/symptoms-causes/syc-20353257
  • National Institutes of Health. (2019). Traumatic Brain Injury: Diagnosis and Treatment. Retrieved on July 5th, 2020 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK537800/