Compression-only CPR (also known as Hands-Only CPR) is a type of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) used in emergencies when a person has stopped breathing, or their heart has stopped beating. This type of CPR involves only chest compressions and no rescue breaths. It is recommended for use by lay rescuers who are not trained in traditional CPR.
Compression-only CPR is an effective way to help someone in cardiac arrest. It helps to circulate oxygen-rich blood throughout the body and can help to restart the heart. Studies have shown that compression-only CPR is just as effective as traditional CPR in helping to save the life of someone in cardiac arrest.
The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends compression-only CPR for lay rescuers who are not trained in traditional CPR. The AHA recommends that lay rescuers use the following steps for compression-only CPR:
1. Call 911 or your local emergency number
2. Push hard and fast in the center of the chest at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute
3. Continue compressions until help arrives
Compression-only CPR is a simple and effective way to help someone in cardiac arrest. However, it is important to remember that it is not a substitute for traditional CPR, including chest compressions and rescue breaths. If you are trained in traditional CPR, the AHA recommends using that instead of compression-only CPR.
American Heart Association. (2020). Hands-Only CPR. Retrieved from https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/cardiac-arrest/hands-only-cpr