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A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that occurs when the head or body experiences a sudden impact or jolt, causing the brain to bounce or twist within the skull. This can result in temporary changes in brain function and can affect the way an individual thinks, feels, and behaves.

Symptoms of a concussion can vary and may include:

  • Headache or pressure in the head
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Dizziness or balance problems
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Memory loss or difficulty concentrating
  • Fatigue or sleep disturbance
  • Irritability or changes in mood or behavior

Symptoms may not appear immediately after the injury and can take hours or days to develop. In some cases, symptoms may persist for weeks or even months after the initial injury.

If you suspect that you have a concussion, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. A healthcare provider can perform a neurological examination and may order imaging tests, such as a CT scan or MRI, to assess the severity of the injury.

Treatment for a concussion typically involves rest and allowing the brain to heal. This may include limiting physical activity, avoiding screens and bright lights, and getting plenty of rest. In some cases, medication may be prescribed to manage symptoms, such as headache or nausea.

It is important to note that repeated concussions can have long-term effects on brain function and can increase the risk of developing chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative brain disease associated with memory loss, confusion, and behavioral changes. Therefore, it is essential to take steps to prevent head injuries, such as wearing protective gear during sports or other high-risk activities, and to seek prompt medical attention if you suspect that you or someone you know has sustained a concuss

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  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Concussion. Retrieved from
  • Mayo Clinic. (2020). Concussion. Retrieved from