Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or does not use insulin properly. When diabetes is left untreated, it can lead to some serious health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and blindness.
Insulin is a hormone that helps the body convert glucose (sugar) into energy.
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body does not produce enough insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the body does not properly use the insulin it produces.
In both types of diabetes, the body cannot effectively use glucose for energy. As a result, glucose builds up in the bloodstream, leading to high blood sugar levels. This can cause several symptoms, such as frequent urination, excessive thirst, fatigue, weight loss, and blurred vision.
Diabetes treatment involves controlling blood sugar levels through lifestyle changes (such as diet and exercise) and medications. It is essential to follow your doctor’s instructions and monitor your blood sugar levels regularly.
If you have diabetes, it is crucial to take steps to prevent complications. This includes taking medications as prescribed, eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and monitoring your blood sugar levels. It is also essential to get regular eye exams and foot exams to check for signs of complications.