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External bleeding

External bleeding

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External bleeding is the loss of blood from a blood vessel that is located outside of the body. It is the most common type of bleeding and can occur due to a variety of causes, including trauma, surgery, and medical conditions. Therefore, it is important to recognize and treat external bleeding quickly in order to prevent further complications, such as shock, infection, and blood loss.

The most common causes of external bleeding include trauma, surgery, and medical conditions. Trauma, such as a cut or puncture wound, can cause external bleeding. Surgery, such as a biopsy or amputation, can also cause external bleeding. Medical conditions, such as hemophilia, can also cause external bleeding.

External bleeding can be classified as either arterial or venous. Arterial bleeding is characterized by bright red blood spurting or pulsating from the wound. Venous bleeding is characterized by dark red blood flowing steadily from the wound.

It is important to apply direct pressure to the wound to treat external bleeding. This should be done with a clean cloth or bandage. If the bleeding is severe, a tourniquet may be needed. If the bleeding is caused by a medical condition, such as hemophilia, treatment may involve taking medication or undergoing a procedure.

It is important to seek medical attention for any type of external bleeding. External bleeding can lead to shock, infection, and blood loss if left untreated.

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  • Mayo Clinic. (2020). Bleeding. Retrieved from
  • National Hemophilia Foundation. (2020). Hemophilia. Retrieved from