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A fracture is a medical term used to describe a broken bone. Fractures can range in severity from a simple break to a compound fracture, where the bone is broken into multiple pieces. The most common types of fractures are stress fractures, which are caused by repetitive stress on the bone, and traumatic fractures, which are caused by a single traumatic event such as a fall or a car accident.

Fractures can be classified in several ways. The AO Foundation's Comprehensive Classification of Fractures is the most commonly used classification system. This system divides fractures into four main categories: type A (simple fractures), type B (complex fractures), type C (pathologic fractures), and type D (open fractures). Each category is further divided into sub-categories based on the type of fracture and the location of the fracture.

The treatment of a fracture depends on the type and severity of the fracture. In most cases, the goal of treatment is to restore the normal function of the affected limb or joint. This may involve the use of splints, casts, or surgery. In some cases, physical therapy may be recommended to help strengthen the affected area and improve the range of motion.

Fractures can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. Depending on the severity of the fracture, it can take weeks or months to heal. During this time, the person may experience pain, swelling, and difficulty performing everyday activities. Therefore, following the doctor's instructions for treatment and rehabilitation is important to ensure a full and speedy recovery.

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  • AO Foundation. (n.d.). Comprehensive Classification of Fractures. Retrieved from
  • Mayo Clinic. (2021). Fractures. Retrieved from