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Immune System

Immune System

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The immune system is a complex network of cells, tissues, and organs that work together to defend the body against harmful invaders such as bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens. The immune system is responsible for recognizing, attacking, and destroying these invaders to protect the body from infection and disease.

The immune system includes a variety of specialized cells, including white blood cells such as lymphocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils, as well as organs such as the thymus, spleen, and lymph nodes. These cells and organs work together to identify and eliminate harmful invaders and to remember how to fight them off in the future. There are two main types of immunity: innate immunity and adaptive immunity.

Innate immunity is the body's first line of defense against invaders and includes physical and chemical barriers such as the skin, mucous membranes, and stomach acid. Adaptive immunity, on the other hand, is a more specific response that targets specific invaders and remembers them in the future. This type of immunity is achieved through the production of antibodies and other specialized cells.

The immune system can sometimes become overactive or underactive, resulting in autoimmune disorders or immunodeficiency disorders, respectively. Autoimmune disorders occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells and tissues in the body, while immunodeficiency disorders occur when the immune system is unable to properly defend the body against invaders.

Treatment for immune system disorders may include medications that suppress or enhance the immune system, depending on the condition. Prevention measures such as vaccines and maintaining good hygiene practices can also help to prevent infections and support overall immune system health.

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