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Internal bleeding

Internal bleeding

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Internal bleeding is a medical emergency that occurs when blood escapes from the circulatory system and collects inside the body. Various conditions, including trauma, surgery, and certain medical conditions, can cause it. Internal bleeding can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention.

The most common causes of internal bleeding are trauma, such as a car accident or a fall, and surgery. Trauma can cause bleeding in the brain, lungs, abdomen, and other organs. Surgery can cause bleeding in the abdomen, chest, and other areas. Other internal bleeding causes include certain medical conditions, such as liver disease, kidney disease, and cancer.

The symptoms of internal bleeding depend on the location and severity of the bleeding. Common symptoms include abdominal pain, dizziness, lightheadedness, shortness of breath, chest pain, and confusion. In some cases, there may be no symptoms at all. If you suspect that you or someone else is experiencing internal bleeding, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

Treatment for internal bleeding depends on the cause and severity of the bleeding. Treatment may include surgery, medications, or blood transfusions. It is important to take steps to prevent internal bleeding. Wear a seatbelt when driving, use safety equipment when playing sports, and avoid activities that could cause trauma. If you have a medical condition that increases your risk of internal bleeding, follow your doctor's instructions for managing the condition.

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  • Mayo Clinic. (2020). Internal bleeding: Symptoms, causes, and treatment. Retrieved from
  • National Institute of Health. (2020). Internal bleeding. Retrieved from