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Long-term control medications

Long-term control medications

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Long-term control medications are used to manage chronic conditions such as asthma, COPD, and allergies. These medications are taken regularly to help reduce symptoms and prevent flare-ups. Long-term control medications are typically taken daily, including inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta-agonists, leukotriene modifiers, and immunomodulators.

Inhaled corticosteroids are the most commonly prescribed long-term control medications for asthma and COPD. These medications reduce inflammation in the airways, making it easier to breathe. Examples of inhaled corticosteroids include fluticasone, budesonide, and mometasone.

Long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs) are bronchodilators that help relax the muscles around the airways, making breathing easier. Examples of LABAs include salmeterol and formoterol.

Leukotriene modifiers are medications that block the action of leukotrienes, which are chemicals that can cause inflammation in the airways. Examples of leukotriene modifiers include montelukast and zafirlukast.

Immunomodulators are medications that help to reduce inflammation in the airways. Examples of immunomodulators include omalizumab and mepolizumab.

Taking long-term control medications as prescribed by your healthcare provider is important. These medications should not be stopped without consulting your healthcare provider, as this can lead to flare-ups and worsening symptoms.

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References

  • Global Initiative for Asthma. (2020). Long-term control medications. Retrieved from https://ginasthma.org/long-term-control-medications/
  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2020). Asthma medications. Retrieved from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/asthma-medications