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Pneumonia is a common lung infection that can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It can affect people of all ages but is most common in children, the elderly, and those with weakened immune systems.

The symptoms of pneumonia can vary depending on the cause and severity of the infection, but they often include:

  • Fever and chills
  • Coughing that produces phlegm or mucus
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Sweating and shaking
  • Headache and muscle aches

Pneumonia can be diagnosed through a physical exam, medical history, and tests such as a chest X-ray or blood tests. Treatment for pneumonia may include antibiotics, antiviral medications, or antifungal medications depending on the cause of the infection. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary, especially for those with severe symptoms or underlying health conditions.

Prevention measures for pneumonia include vaccinations against pneumococcal bacteria and the flu, practicing good hygiene such as washing hands frequently, and avoiding close contact with individuals who are sick. For those at higher risk, such as the elderly or those with weakened immune systems, a healthcare provider may recommend regular check-ups and monitoring to catch and treat the infection early.

It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you may have pneumonia, especially if you are experiencing difficulty breathing or chest pain. Your healthcare provider can evaluate your symptoms and recommend the appropriate course of treatment.

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