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A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. It can cause changes in your behavior, movements or feelings, and levels of consciousness. Seizures have a wide variety of symptoms and can last from a few seconds to several minutes.

A number of different conditions, including epilepsy, head injury, stroke, brain tumor, drug or alcohol abuse, and infection, can cause seizures. Some people may have a single seizure, while others may have recurrent seizures.

Seizures can be classified into two main types: generalized seizures and focal seizures. Generalized seizures involve the entire brain and can cause a loss of consciousness. Focal seizures involve only one part of the brain and may cause changes in behavior, movements, or feelings.

Treatment for seizures depends on the type and cause. Medications, such as anticonvulsants, are often used to control seizures. Surgery may be recommended for some types of seizures. Other treatments may also be recommended, such as lifestyle changes, dietary modifications, and alternative therapies.

It is important to seek medical attention if you or someone you know experiences a seizure. Early diagnosis and treatment can help reduce the frequency and severity of seizures and improve quality of life.

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  • Mayo Clinic. (2020). Seizures. Retrieved from
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (2020). Seizures and Epilepsy. Retrieved from