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A sprain is an injury that occurs to a ligament, which is a band of tissue that connects bones to one another and helps to stabilize joints. Sprains usually occur as a result of sudden twisting or stretching of the joint beyond its normal range of motion, and they can range in severity from mild to severe.

Common sites for sprains include the ankles, knees, wrists, and thumbs. Symptoms of a sprain may include pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty moving the affected joint. In severe cases, there may be a popping sound at the time of injury, indicating a complete tear of the ligament.

Treatment for a sprain typically involves rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE therapy) to reduce pain and swelling. Over-the-counter pain medications may also be recommended to help manage pain. As the injury begins to heal, physical therapy and rehabilitation exercises may be recommended to help restore strength and flexibility to the affected joint.

Prevention of sprains can be achieved through proper warm-up and stretching before physical activity, using proper technique when lifting or performing other activities, and wearing supportive footwear and protective equipment when appropriate.

Overall, sprains are a common type of injury that can be painful and limit mobility. However, with proper treatment and prevention, most sprains can be effectively managed and healed over time. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect a severe sprain or if you have persistent pain or swelling that does not improve with self-care measures.

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  • Sprains and Strains: MedlinePlus. (2020). Retrieved 22 June 2020, from
  • Sprains: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment. (2020). Retrieved 22 June 2020, from