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Sprain

Sprain

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A sprain is an injury to a ligament, which is the tissue that connects two bones together in a joint. It occurs when the ligament is stretched or torn due to a sudden force or twist. Sprains can range from mild to severe and can occur in any joint in the body but are most common in the ankle, wrist, and knee.

Signs and symptoms of a sprain include pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty moving the affected joint. Depending on the severity of the sprain, it may take several weeks to months to fully recover.

Treatment typically includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to reduce swelling and pain, as well as physical therapy to help restore strength and range of motion. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the ligament.

It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a sprain, as untreated sprains can lead to chronic pain and instability in the joint. Additionally, if the sprain is severe enough, it can cause long-term damage to the joint and surrounding tissues.

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References

  • Sprains and Strains: MedlinePlus. (2020). Retrieved 22 June 2020, from https://medlineplus.gov/sprainsandstrains.html
  • Sprains: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment. (2020). Retrieved 22 June 2020, from https://www.healthline.com/health/sprain