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Tracheostomy

Tracheostomy

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A tracheostomy is a surgical procedure in which an opening is created in the neck to directly access the trachea (windpipe). This opening is known as a tracheostomy or tracheotomy. A tracheostomy is usually performed to bypass an obstruction in the upper airway, such as a tumor, or to allow easier airway access for suctioning or ventilation.

Tracheostomies are commonly performed in critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) or emergency department. They are also used in patients with long-term airway problems, such as neuromuscular diseases or severe obstructive sleep apnea.

Tracheostomy tubes are inserted through the opening in the neck and into the trachea. The tube is held in place with a tracheostomy collar or tie. The tube is connected to a ventilator or suction device to provide airway support.

Tracheostomy care is an important part of the recovery process. Keeping the tracheostomy tube and surrounding area clean and infection-free is important. The tracheostomy tube should be changed regularly, and the skin around the tracheostomy should be monitored for signs of infection.

Tracheostomy care is a complex process and should be performed by a trained healthcare professional. It is important to follow the healthcare provider's instructions and seek medical attention if any complications arise.

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References

  • Tracheostomy: Care at Home. (2020). Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/tracheostomy/care-at-home/pac-20384571
  • Tracheostomy Care. (2020). Retrieved from https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/tracheostomy-care
  • Tracheostomy: Care and Maintenance. (2020). Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/lung/tracheostomy-care-and-maintenance#1