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Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

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Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a type of stroke that occurs when the blood supply to the brain is temporarily interrupted. It is also known as a mini-stroke or a warning stroke. TIAs are caused by a blockage in a blood vessel that supplies the brain, usually due to a clot. The blockage is usually temporary and resolves on its own, but it can cause a range of symptoms, including weakness, numbness, vision problems, and difficulty speaking.

The symptoms of a TIA usually last for a few minutes or hours and then go away, but they can be a warning sign of a more serious stroke. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention immediately if you experience any symptoms of a TIA. A doctor can diagnose a TIA and provide treatment to reduce the risk of a more serious stroke.

Treatment for a TIA typically includes medications to reduce the risk of strokes, such as blood thinners and cholesterol-lowering drugs. Lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and exercising regularly, can also help reduce the risk of stroke.

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References

  • American Heart Association. (2020). Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA). Retrieved from https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/stroke/about-stroke/transient-ischemic-attack-tia
  • Mayo Clinic. (2020). Transient ischemic attack (TIA). Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/transient-ischemic-attack/symptoms-causes/syc-20352062