Glossary >

RICE: Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation

This is some text inside of a div block.

RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation and is a common treatment approach used for various acute injuries, including sprains, strains, and bruises.

Here's a breakdown of each component of the RICE treatment:

  • Rest: The injured area should be rested to allow it to heal. Avoid activities that may aggravate the injury.
  • Ice: Applying ice to the injured area can help reduce pain and swelling by constricting blood vessels and limiting the inflammatory response. Apply ice to the injured area for 15-20 minutes at a time, several times a day.
  • Compression: Applying pressure to the injured area with a compression bandage or wrap can help reduce swelling and provide support to the injured area. It is important not to wrap the area too tightly, as this can restrict blood flow.
  • Elevation: Elevating the injured area above the heart can help reduce swelling by promoting the drainage of excess fluid from the area. This can be done by propping up the affected limb on pillows or a support cushion.

The RICE approach is typically used in the initial stages of an injury to reduce pain and swelling and promote healing. However, it is important to note that not all injuries require RICE treatment, and more severe injuries may require additional medical treatment. If you have sustained an injury, it is best to consult with a medical professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.

a group training in cpr/bls
CPR AED and First Aid Certification. Get certified Now with the latest AHA guidelines.
Takes less than 20 minutes. learn more


  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. (2021). Sprains, Strains and Other Soft-Tissue Injuries.
  • Mayo Clinic. (2021). First Aid.
  • Johns Hopkins Medicine. (2021). Sprains and Strains.
  • National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. (2020). Sprains and Strains.
  • MedlinePlus. (2021). Sprains and Strains.