An asthma action plan is a document that outlines the steps that an individual with asthma should take to manage their condition. It is an important tool that helps individuals understand their asthma triggers and how to recognize signs of asthma flare-ups before they become severe. It also outlines the appropriate medications and treatments that should be taken in different scenarios.
The steps outlined in an asthma action plan vary depending on the severity of the individual's asthma. Generally, the plan outlines three zones: green, yellow, and red.
The green zone is the ideal zone, which means the individual's asthma symptoms are under control. Symptoms in the yellow zone indicate that an asthma flare-up is likely, and medications should be taken to prevent it from becoming severe. The red zone indicates a severe asthma attack, and emergency medical help should be sought.
Asthma action plans are developed in collaboration between the individual, their doctor, and their healthcare team. The plan should be reviewed regularly and updated as needed. It should be specific to the individual's needs and should include the following information:
An asthma action plan can help individuals recognize the early signs of an asthma flare-up and take the necessary steps to prevent it from becoming severe. Individuals with asthma must understand their action plan and follow it closely.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (n.d.). Asthma Action Plan. Retrieved from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/asthma-action-plan