Arrhythmia is a term used to describe an irregular heartbeat or abnormal heart rhythm. It can occur when the electrical impulses that coordinate the heartbeat do not function properly, causing the heart to beat too quickly, too slowly, or irregularly.
Symptoms of arrhythmia can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition, and may include palpitations, dizziness, shortness of breath, chest pain, or fainting.
There are several types of arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, and bradyarrhythmias. Some arrhythmias may be harmless, while others can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention.
Risk factors for developing arrhythmias include high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, heart attack, heart failure, diabetes, and certain medications. Treatment for arrhythmias may involve lifestyle changes, medications, or procedures such as cardioversion, ablation, or implantation of a pacemaker or defibrillator. The specific treatment plan will depend on the type and severity of the arrhythmia, as well as other factors such as the patient's overall health and medical history.