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An abrasion is a superficial wound caused by scraping or rubbing of the skin. It is sometimes referred to as a scrape, graze, or excoriation. Abrasions can range in size and severity from minor cuts and scratches to deep gouges or tears.

Abrasions are common and can be caused by various activities but typically occur due to contact with a rough surface. Abrasions usually present as an area of skin that is red, raw, and maybe bleeding or oozing. Depending on the severity of the abrasion, there may be some pain, discomfort, and soreness.
Treatment for an abrasion depends on its size and severity. Minor abrasions heal on their own in a few days, while deeper abrasions may require more intensive care.

To treat an abrasion, the skin should be cleaned with mild soap and water, followed by an antiseptic. You may use an antibiotic ointment to keep the wound moist, help prevent infection, and apply a bandage to keep the wound clean and reduce discomfort. Over-the-counter pain medication can relieve any discomfort associated with the abrasion.

For deeper abrasions, a doctor may need to be consulted. The doctor may need to debride the wound, where dead skin and debris are removed from the injury, or suture the wound closed. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to help prevent infection. In addition, it is essential to keep the wound clean and free from any dirt or debris to help promote healing. The abrasion may sometimes leave a scar, depending on its size and location.

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Mayo Clinic. (2018). Abrasions: First aid. Retrieved from

Healthline. (2018). Abrasion: Causes, symptoms, and diagnosis. Retrieved from