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Heat stroke

Heat stroke

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Heat stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when the body's internal temperature rises to a dangerous level, usually as a result of prolonged exposure to high temperatures or physical exertion in hot and humid environments. Heat stroke is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment.

The symptoms of heat stroke can include:

  • High body temperature (above 103°F or 39.4°C)
  • Hot, dry skin with no sweating
  • Rapid heartbeat and breathing
  • Confusion, disorientation, or agitation
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Loss of consciousness or coma

Heat stroke can be caused by a variety of factors, including dehydration, prolonged exposure to hot and humid environments, certain medications or medical conditions that affect the body's ability to regulate temperature, and physical exertion in hot weather.

Treatment for heat stroke typically involves lowering the body's temperature as quickly as possible. This may include moving the person to a cooler environment, removing excess clothing, and using cool water or ice packs to cool the skin. In severe cases, hospitalization may be required for intravenous fluids, medications to control seizures or other complications, and monitoring of vital signs.

Prevention of heat stroke involves taking steps to avoid prolonged exposure to high temperatures, staying hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids, wearing lightweight and breathable clothing in hot weather, and avoiding physical exertion during the hottest part of the day. It is important to take heat-related illnesses seriously and seek medical attention if symptoms develop, especially in young children, older adults, and individuals with certain medical conditions.

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  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Heat-Related Illness. Retrieved from
  • Mayo Clinic. (2020). Heat Stroke. Retrieved from