Quadriplegia, also known as tetraplegia, is a type of paralysis that affects all four limbs and the torso. It is caused by damage to the cervical vertebrae in the neck, which can be caused by trauma such as a car accident, a fall, or a sports injury. Quadriplegia can also be caused by a stroke, a tumor, or a disease such as polio or multiple sclerosis.
Quadriplegia affects the ability to move and feel in the arms, legs, and torso. It can also affect the ability to breathe, swallow, and speak. As a result, people with quadriplegia may need assistance with daily activities such as eating, dressing, and bathing. They may also need help with communication and activities such as writing, typing, and using a computer.
Treatment for quadriplegia depends on the cause and severity of the condition. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy can help improve movement, strength, and coordination. Assistive devices such as wheelchairs, walkers, and braces can help with mobility. Medications can help reduce pain and spasticity. Surgery may be necessary to repair damaged nerves or bones.
People with quadriplegia can lead full and productive lives with the right support and resources. Finding a team of healthcare professionals who can provide the best care and support is important. It is also important to find a support system of family and friends who can provide emotional support.